Classificational Diversity of Metaphor Kinds

  • T.P. Stretovych
Keywords: classification of metaphors, language means, functions of metaphor, trope

Abstract

The paper deals with a complex classification of metaphors. The criteria for metaphor classification include the following: the prevalence in the language; the structure; the thematic relevance of the source domain; the target domain; the degree of content remoteness of the source and target domains; the universality of the source and target domains; the degree of integrity of the internal form; methods of the complication of the second meaning of the word; the functional attribute; the number of the units of the metaphorical image; the present case in the metaphor; the similarity of objects, phenomena or properties on the basis of which the metaphors are formed. Historical facts of the metaphor study and depiction are presented. The semantic duality of the metaphor is underlined in the paper. Metaphor is considered as a modern language means that is actively used by all communication members, often unconsciously. Тhe functions that metaphor performs in the language are characterized. The uniqueness and importance of this trope in the language are emphasized and confirmed by the famous writers’ and philosophers’ statements. A series of metaphors is given to illustrate the presented material.

References

1. Aristotel. Poetika. Ritorika [Poetics. Rhetoric] / Aristotel. – SPb. : Azbuka, 2000. – 119 s.



2. Bernadska N. І. Vstup do literaturoznavstva [Introduction to literary studies] / Nina Ivanivna Bernadska. – K. : Lybid, 1995. – 256 s.



3. Grabovska Z. Bahatogrannist movnoi metafory [Multifaceted linguistic metaphor] / Zoia Grabovska / Ukrainska mova i literatura. – 1997. – No. 12. – S. 8.



4. Gutsuliak T. Ye. Khudozhnia metafora yak dzherelo formuvannia synonimichnykh zasobiv ukrainskoi movy [Artistic metaphor as a source for the formation of synonymous means of the Ukrainian language] / T. Ye. Hutsuliak // Naukovi Zapysky Nizhynskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni Mykoly Hoholia. Filolohichni nauky. – 2013. – No. 1. – S. 45–50.



5. Kalmykova Ye. I. O dinamike metafory v nauchnom stile [About the dynamics of a metaphor in the scientific style] / Ye. I. Kalmykova // Nauchnyie doklady vysshei shkoly. Filologicheskiie nauki. – 1974. – No. 2 (80). – S. 83–88.



6. Kravets L. Yu. Metafora yak linhvomentalnyi fenomen [Metaphor as a linguistic and mental phenomenon] / L. Yu. Kravets // Ukrainska mova i literatura v shkoli. – 2014. – No. 1. – S. 39–42.



7. Moskvin V. P. Russkaia metafora: parametry klasifikatsyi [Russian metaphor: classification parameters] / V. P. Moskvin // Filologicheskiie nauki. OOO “Filologicheskiie nauki” – 2000. – No. 2. – S. 66–73.



8. Skirl H. Metapher / H. Skirl, M. Schwarz-Friesel. – Hiedelberg : Universität Winter Hiedelberg, 2007. – 100 s.



9. Skopnenko O. I. Klasyfikatsiya; Metafora [Classification; Metaphor] / O. I. Skopnenko, T. V. Tsymbaliuk // Suchasnyi slovnyk inshomovnykh sliv. – 2006. – S. 355, 449.



10. Solodub Yu. P. Strukturnaia tipologiya metafory / Yu. P. Solodub // Filologicheskiie nauki. OOO “Filologicheskiie nauki”. – 1999. – No. 4. – S. 67–74.
Published
2018-05-14
How to Cite
Stretovych, T. (2018, May 14). Classificational Diversity of Metaphor Kinds. Scientific Journal of National Pedagogical Dragomanov University. Series 9. Current Trends in Language Development, (16), 232-239. Retrieved from https://sjnpu.com.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/132