Subordinate Clause of Condition as Verbalization of Bifurcation Zone
A polyparadigmatic character of modern linguistics implies usage of various methods of language system investigation including those developed in natural sciences. One of the most promising scientific theories is the theory of self-organizing complex systems (also called ‘synergetics’) with a wide repertoire of notions and categories aimed to help the researcher reveal new sides of phenomena under consideration. Considered through a synergetic lens, a human language can be defined as an open, dynamic, non-linear self-organizing system with all its elements and subsystems closely interconnected and functioning in accordance with principles of synergetics. The article argues for a methodological shift from traditional binary oppositions of composite sentences into compound and complex to the classification which could include a third type of composite sentences in which clauses are mutually determined and presupposed by one another. The investigation made it possible to distinguish between two main types of conditional sentences, namely the two-component and the one-component ones. The article also discusses the necessity of syntax studies in the mirror of the synergetic scientific paradigm. The synergetic analysis of the semantic and syntactic model of conditional sentences allows considering the clause of unreal condition as a certain bifurcation zone verbalized in the communicative process.
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