Originality of Realization of Syntactic Constructions with Verbs of Desire in English

  • S.M. Dyshleva A.V. Dyshleva
Keywords: words of desire, lexical, morphological and syntactical means of expression, modality-pragmatic aspect, metacommunicative functions of the sentences

Abstract

This scientific research reveals the specific of semantics and syntactical function the verbs of desire, and also defines the nominative and communicative purposes the sentences with a certain group of verbs. The situation of desire is researched and its syntactical representation is analysed in the article. The modality of sentences with verbs of desire is described, in connection with this statement the role of each component of the sentence in the formation of modality is characterized. Ratio modality of desire and compulsion is defined, the ability of sentences to the formation of text is analysed. A sentence with the verb of desire is a complex structure, predicate actant indicates the content and object of evaluation of predicate in it; this predicate calls a separate event which on the semantic level is usually not fully represented, but only separate element. On the syntactical level such a sentence, in addition to the core, has additional predicative level; so it is complicated, which ensures its semantic integrity and performs the function of text formation. A sentence with the verb desire is a textual unit. It has introductive, situational, modality-estimated value and functionally oriented on the formation of the text in modality-pragmatic aspect.

References

1. Andersh Y. F. Problemy syntaksychnoyi semantyky v suchasnomu zarubizhnomu movoznavstvi [Problems of syntactical semantic in modern foreign linguistics] / Y. F. Andersh // Movoznavstvo. – 1983. – No. 1. – S. 11–19.



2. Vinogradov V. V. Russkii yazyk: Grammaticheskoie ucheniie o slove [ Russian language: grammatic studies about the word] / V. V. Vinogradov. – М. : Vyshaia shkola, 1986. – 640 s.



3. Vykhovanets I. R. Narysy z funktsional’nogo syntaksysu ukrains’koii movy [Essays from the functional syntax of Ukrainian language] / I. R. Vykhovanets. – К. : Nauk. dumka, 2004. – 222 s.



4. Espersen O. Philosophiya grammatiki [Phylosophy of grammar] / O. Espersen. – М. : Izd.-vo inostr. lit., 1998. – 404 s.



5. Katsnel’son S. D. Tipologiya yazyka i rechevoie myshleniie [Typology of language and speech thinking] / S. D. Katsnel’son. – L. : Nauka, 1992. –216 s.



6. Potebnia A. A. Mysl’ i yazyk [Thought and language] / A. A. Potebnia. – К. : SINTO, 1993. – 192 s.



7. Cheyf W. L. Znacheniye i struktura yazyka [Meaning and the structure of language] / W. L. Cheyf. – М. : Progress, 1995. – 432 s.
Published
2018-05-14
How to Cite
A.V. Dyshleva, S. D. (2018, May 14). Originality of Realization of Syntactic Constructions with Verbs of Desire in English. Scientific Journal of National Pedagogical Dragomanov University. Series 9. Current Trends in Language Development, (16), 61-68. Retrieved from https://sjnpu.com.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/110